Application of the Tempt Destiny findings published in a peer-reviewed fundamental physics journal:
Smithsonian/NASA Astrophysics Data System
How Art, Football Fans, and the Big Game Led to the Discovery of First Cause and the Theory of Everything
FACT: It is self-evident that there has never been or ever will be an experiment conducted without a selection first being made. So what do football fans choosing to have their team featured on a billboard have to do with first cause and the Theory of Everything? See NEWS RELEASE
Since our existence is governed by the laws of nature, we cannot act in violation of our own physical existence. It was with this mindset that I devised an art experiment based on the premise that the acts of selection predetermines existence. From 2000 to April, 2012, football fans were invited to vote online 24/7 throughout the entire year for their team to appear on the next Tempt Destiny (TD) billboard. The two previous billboards were in support of SB XXI, and SB XXV championship victories, a two-for-two record that served as the benchmark for this experiment.
(Note, the artwork presented on the billboards was left unfinished so that if the team completed their season by winning the SB, the artwork could then be completed by painting the football silver to reflect the trophy won.)
Here's the catch: The team with the most votes would also need to go to the SB in order for the selection to be complete since the sole purpose of the artwork/billboard is in support of a SB victory. This pairing of a single selection with its potential would then give us a direct selection event. In the 10th, 11th, and 12th years of this experiment, I added the event of pairing a selection with more-than-one potential which would give us an indirect selection when one of the two teams going to the SB had more votes than the other.
Tempt Destiny Experiment Findings - After twelve consecutive years of conducting the TD experiment, the empirical evidence was unambiguous by showing that there are only two mutually exclusive and jointly exhaustive acts of selection in Nature. When a selection simultaneously pairs with its potential, then and only then, does a selection come to exist which in turn causes the existence of the events that follows, i.e., first cause. When a direct selection is made its effect is deterministic (W). When an indirect selection is made its effects are non-deterministic (W) and (L):
- 12 direct selection events took place, only once did a direct selection pair with the potential of the team going to the big game - SB XLII (W)
- 3 indirect selection events took place, each time an indirect selection paired with the potential of the team going to the big game - SB XLIV (W), SB XLV (L), and SB XLVI (W)
Note: If we conducted indirect selection events throughout the entire 12 year TD experiment there would have been 12 paired indirect selections with a record of (4-Wins) and (8-Loses). The initial findings (from years 1-10) of the Tempt Destiny experiment were published at the General Science Journal on January 14, 2011, and presented at the American Physical Society convention on April 30, 2011.
The Tempt Destiny experiment obtained empirical evidence of first cause by establishing the following criteria:
- Unequivocal empirical evidence of first cause (Tempt Destiny experiment)
- First cause evidence is repeatable (coin-in-cup experiment - see Science page).
- First cause evidence is falsifiable (1 out of 12 direct selection events, coin-in-cup experiment, and the Final Selection experiment pg. 9).
- The 'effects' of first cause are predictable in that first cause predetermines both deterministic and non-deterministic states of physical reality, i.e., everything.
Evidence of Absolute Determinism: The unambiguous empirical evidence shows that there are two causal variables in nature which determine if an effectual state (existence) is deterministic/certain or non-deterministic/uncertain which means that both states are determined in order to exist as such. The findings show that absolute determinism is not about effectual states being certain or uncertain. It is about how cause is predetermined.
I find it interesting that theoretical physicist, John S Bell, once coined absolute determinism as superdeterminism to address predetermined cause. As the Tempt Destiny experiment direct selection findings has shown - there has never been or ever will be an experiment conducted without a selection first being made. As originally suggested by Niels Bohr and Werner Heisenberg and later explored by John Conway and Simon Kochen, "Superdeterminism would deny the important "free choice" of the experimenter" - this has indeed happened eleven out of twelve annual Tempt Destiny selection events.
Second Cause: I have found that the key to interpreting these results was to understand how we understand what we understand. For example, it is understood that we perceive reality via physical properties/effects such as in the field of physics which is the observation or measurement of physical properties of matter and energy and the relation between them. This method of interpreting reality by means of effects causing effects, which I call effectual causality, places causality as secondary when we perceive reality as something physical causes something physical like when a sperm (effect) fertilizes (cause) an egg (effect) or when the Higgs boson (effect) a.k.a. God particle, brings mass (cause) to the universe (effect). This may appear to be of no scientific significance if we assume that first cause is singular. However, this fundamental assumption is false for the empirical evidence obtained shows that there are two mutually exclusive and jointly exhaustive first cause variables in Nature. If we interpret the results without taking into consideration the two initial acts of selection, we arrive at an incomplete, and thus, erroneous conclusion as exhibited below:
Effectual Causality - Without knowledge of the (hidden) variables of selection, we can only draw conclusions based on the observed effects. In the Effects Causing Effects figure above, the conclusion obtained multiple effects. Therefore, we naturally conclude that the final effect of the initial cause/effect was uncertain.
1. Artist begins initial phase (C) of creating the billboard art (E).
2. Contact participants (C) to reproduce the artwork for the billboard (E).
3. Contact football team (C) and establish the groundwork for their approval of the billboard (E).
4. Complete artwork and billboard design (C) and obtain football team’s final approval (E).
5. Participants create the billboard (C) and display the billboard prior to SB event (E).
6. SB outcome (C) determines if:
a. Artwork is completed (E) with a silver football painted to signifying the trophy won.
b. Artwork remains unfinished (E).
If the paradigm of how observed or measured effects cause effects is true, then can an artist (effect) create (cause) artwork (effect) without first making a selection?
It appears that we have been putting the cart before the horse when it comes down to how we perceive reality. When we apply this newfound knowledge of what is causal and what is not to the art of particle physics, we find a fundamental omission error has taken place regarding the recent Higgs boson (a.k.a. God particle) discovery. See NEWS RELEASE
First Cause: By factoring the selection process into the analysis, we find that there are two mutually exclusive and jointly exhaustive causal variables involved. This in turn gives us two distinctive outcomes: one that is certain and one that is not. The empirical evidence shows that a selection does not physically exist until it does, thereby establishing that the acts of selection are first cause. Einstein believed there must be “hidden variables” that instructed nature at the fundamental level how to behave even before it was measured. We find that the two acts of selection, although non-local, are the hidden variables that Albert Einstein alluded to.
Direct Selection of Potentials - The team with the most votes (DS) paired with the potential (P) of that team also going to the SB determines selection. The direct selection of only one potential predetermines one effectual state, c(+, +) = e(+, +). The causal analysis shows that the effects were certain/deterministic (see — science page regarding the Cartesian coordinates, i.e., Hidden Variables).
Indirect Selection of Potentials - Cause is determined indirectly (IS) by selecting multiple potentials (P), i.e., two teams going to the SB, to determine the selection of one team having the most votes. The indirect selection of multiple potentials predetermines multiple effectual states, c(-, +) = e(-, +) or e(-, -). The causal analysis shows that the effects were uncertain/non-deterministic (see — science page regarding the Cartesian coordinates, i.e., Hidden Variables).
As the evidence has shown, the two mutually exclusive acts of selection determine the certain or uncertain states of existence, and the potential of a selection gives us the existence of the selection and of its state. Since both causal dichotomies are collectively exhaustive, they give us a complete description of physical reality. The assumption that selection is some sort of option, a freedom of will, is unsubstantiated by the fact that this machine we call choice is how energy works, which is a fundamental necessity, not a metaphysical option, of our physical existence. In other words, ‘when’ a selection exists, energy exists, for they are one in the same.
First Cause and the Theory of Everything - The Theory of Everything is a theory that fully explains and links together all known physical phenomena, and predicts the outcome of any experiment that could be carried out in principle. Since there has never been or ever will be an experiment conducted without a selection first being made, we can predict the outcome (determined or undetermined states) of any experiment that could be carried out in principle with absolute precision. When we apply this newfound knowledge of energy consisting of two mutually exclusive causal functions as exhibited in the "Spin States of Selection" article, we can then unify the states of spin, once thought to be exclusive to quantum mechanics, with the mechanical functions of direct and indirect selection. In doing so, we find that the pairing characteristics of the two causal acts of selection correspond with the pairing characteristics of gravity which in turn causes the effects of the strong, weak, and electromagnetic forces. Thus, direct selection gives us the strong electromagnetic gravitational force and indirect selection gives us the weak electromagnetic gravitational force, which reconciles gravity with the laws of quantum physics to produce a complete and self-consistent theory of quantum gravity, i.e., the theory of everything, as one super-deterministic force — E = G2.
As theoretical physicists John S. Bell once predicted, "The only alternative to quantum probabilities, superpositions of states, collapse of the wave function, and spooky action at a distance, is that everything is superdetermined. For me it is a dilemma. I think it is a deep dilemma, and the resolution of it will not be trivial; it will require a substantial change in the way we look at things."
Perhaps it is time we look at things via cause and effect instead of effects causing effects in order to better understand our existence. With knowledge of what is first cause, the things that we thought we knew and the theories and ideologies based on second cause are now questionable (more on that later). Obviously, I can only briefly touch upon the implications of this discovery here for this topic would require a book(s) to try to attempt to encompass the ramifications of this knowledge. In the meantime, thank you for allowing me to share this discovery with you.
© 2013 Manuel Morales
News 12 video aired on February 2, 2008:
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