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How Grade School Children Can Confirm
If Quantum Mechanics Is a Fundamental Theory
- Class Assignment Search For First Cause -

Students' are invited to help confirm if the scientific method needs an overhaul by including the discovery of Einstein's hidden variables and to verify if Quantum Mechanics is indeed a fundamental theory as assumed. When I use the term first cause, I literally mean cause preceding effect. As the findings from the Tempt Destiny experiment has shown, this search is much easier than it sounds. No offense intended, but even grade school children with internet access and the ability to read and search for two keywords can do this! This historic research will serve to help advance science by having the public confirm for themselves if the variables that are required to conduct science have or have not been accounted for in scientific research.


As illustrated above with the basketball examples, knowing which selection was made prior to the ball going into the hoop tells us if the effects observed (e.g., ball coming out of the hoop) in an experiment were certain or not. Imagine watching a basketball game and only seeing when the ball came out of the hoop. That's what the scientific method is missing, knowledge of which variable caused the effects observed in its experiments (see "Assumed Higgs" link). The scientific method uses prediction as a substitute for the ignorance of first cause, i.e., direct or indirect selection, without which there would be no experiment to begin with. If we only focus on the predicted effects without knowledge of how they were caused we are left to assume. So what assumptions were made with the medication you are taking or have taken in the past? Surely we can do better than this.

As a Nobel Laureate told me in regards to inviting the public to help science correct itself, "@Manuel: not the public self-corrects science, science itself does." It is indeed the responsibility of scientist to correct themselves. However, as with the assumed Higgs boson discovery back in 2013, yet another Nobel Prize for physics was given for a discovery based on omitted-variable bias, so much for self-correction. All the more reason why your research is important. Perhaps it is time for the public to show scientists what they are missing? Maybe then they will be inspired to self-correct knowing that the public will know better.

Teachers are invited to make this a classroom assignment so that we can all learn from each other. I also would like to extend this invite out to college students and their professors. I look forward to receiving your research. Please email the results of your research by December 23, 2015:

in January, 2016, I will post the research findings at and submit your research for publication.

Search Example: Cornell University Library provides stewardship for arXiv which is an open-access service for scientists in physics, mathematics, statistics, computer science, etc. — to share research before it’s formally published. Over a million papers have now been uploaded to the repository. If you searched for "direct selection, indirect selection" keywords, you will obtain the following hits:

42 hits for "direct selection"
3 hits for "indirect selection"
0 hits for both "direct selection, indirect selection"

However, if you searched the Cornell University Library for both both "direct selection, indirect selection" keywords. You will obtain 18 hits. Unfortunately, you will need a NetID from Cornell to access these documents to see if the search terms applies to experiments:



Tempt Destiny Initial Findings Presentation

Smithsonian/NASA Astrophysics Data System

Evidence Shows Free Will Is An Illusion

If this is your first visit to, you are probably wondering what does football, artwork, and the big game have to do with science, free will, and destiny? Allow me to explain.

This all began innocently enough when I created artwork to support the NY Giants Super Bowl quest for SB XXI and SB XXV. The paintings reproduce on these billboards were incomplete so that if the team went on to win the SB I would then complete the artwork by painting the football silver to reflect the trophy won. The completed artwork was then reproduced as the NFL licensed NY Giants Super Bowl Commemorative Series limited edition prints (see link). As history shows, each time this cause and effect event took place the NY Giants went on to win the SB, a 2-for-2 track record. The stage was now set to see if this 2-for-2 track record was about luck or was it destiny, i.e., predetermined event or series of events or what physicists call superdeterminism.

News 12 video aired on February 2, 2008:

By repeating what had been done before I had the model for my experiment. Unlike the scientific method of predicting effects (guess) to validate a theory or hypothesis (another guess) in order to establish cause, the Tempt Destiny experimental model establishes cause first in order to correctly and without ambiguity align cause with its effects. From 2000-2012 football fans voted 24/7 online each year to have their team on the next Tempt Destiny billboard in support of their team's SB bid. The team with the most votes would determine the team selected – ACT. However, the team selected also needed to compete in the SB in order for the selection to come into existence – POTENTIAL. When an act simultaneously pairs with its potential, then and only then, do you have a selection event. In other words, the act of selection determines the existence, and thus cause, of the effects that follow. If you stop to think about it, you cannot select what cannot be chosen and you cannot cause something to happen until a selection has been made. Tempt Destiny Results

Evidence shows, how an act becomes and act is predetermined. What is not predetermined is the existence of the act itself.

Einstein Was Correct ... Almost: (The discovery of Einstein's nonlocal hidden variables shows quantum mechanics Is not a fundamental theory.)

As the unambiguous empirical evidence has shown (see TD Experiment Results), the initial conditions of a selection, i.e., pairing an act directly with one potential (one SB team) or pairing an act indirectly with more-than-one potential (one of the two SB teams), do not preexist. They can only come to exist and for that to happen their construct needs to be predetermined as innate mechanisms of what we call Nature. This means that the two mutually exclusive and jointly exhaustive acts of selection are nonlocal hidden variables such that these variables cannot exist locally as observable or measurable physical states. As the evidence has shown, Albert Einstein was correct about the notion of hidden variables that would provide a more complete description of reality. However, he was incorrect as to where to find them.


How To Contest The Results

If something exists we can observe its scale, measure its weight, and determine when and where we made our observation. So if reality is truly based on the existence of what we can observed or measure, then we can apply this logic to answer the following question:

How much does a direct or indirect selection weigh, what are their scales, and where was the mutually exclusive selection variable you used to read these words located when you used it?

What this means is that the logic we use to perceive reality is based on the existence of physical effects, not the cause of such effects. Case in point, what is real to you are the letters you are now reading and not the selection mechanism you just used to read them. For example, the effect of reading these letters caused the effect of reading words, i.e., effect causing effect. This is what we typically assume to be cause and effect, i.e., the existence of something (effect) causing the existence of something else (effect). If you step back and think about it, by placing cause second to effect we have violated cause preceding effect which in turn blinds us to what is causal and what is not.

The logic we use to perceive reality is incomplete if it is not inclusive of the two laws that govern our existence. To test if the acts of selection are indeed fundamental laws of Nature and not merely cognitive acts, we can contest the findings in real life as follows:

Ho - If the two acts of selection are not necessary for your existence then you can safely conduct the Final Selection Thought Experiment in real life and continue your existence.

Ha - If the two acts of selection are necessary for your existence then you cannot conduct the Final Selection Thought Experiment in real life in order to continue your existence.

Final Selection Thought Experiment:

Let's say that one morning upon awakening you find yourself absent of the ability to choose, e.g., paralyzed from the neck down. This means you cannot choose to move your body whatsoever. You cannot choose to take in any fluids. You cannot choose to take in any nourishment. You cannot choose to relieve yourself, et cetera. Nor can you have others indirectly choose for you. The outcome is absolute. The effect of a physical system to no longer have the capacity to make direct selections is certain death.

The assumption that selection is some sort of option, a freedom of will, is unsubstantiated by the fact that this predetermined mechanism we call choice is how energy works which is a fundamental necessity, not a metaphysical or cognitive option, of our physical existence. In other words, when the origin variables of selection come to exist, energy exists, for they are one and the same. As the thought experiment illustrates, we have the ability to choose because we do not have the option to not choose in order to exist.

So it comes down to this, either our logic is wrong in how we perceive reality or Nature is wrong and needs to correct itself in order to suit our perception of it. To date, I have found no one foolish enough to willingly put their logic to the test against Nature itself by conducting the thought experiment in real life, nor do I recommend doing so.

general science journal

Without Knowledge Of First Cause Can Science "Correctly" Predict Effect?

When I use the term "first cause" I literally mean cause preceding effect. When I use the term "second cause" I literally mean effect preceding cause. When we place cause second to effect, we perceive reality effectually which blinds us to what is causal and what is not. So when we place cause first we obtain unambiguous empirical evidence and when we place effects first we obtain ambiguous empirical evidence.

The unambiguous empirical evidence obtained in the 12 year Tempt Destiny experiment has revealed that there is a fundamental problem with the scientific method of using statistical ensemble as empirical evidence to substantiate scientific theories. As revealed in the "Assumed Higgs Boson Discovery Proved Einstein Right" article, in order for 'any' experiment to be conducted a selection must 'first' be made. Yet, as obvious as to the importance of the first cause acts of selection are to the existence of the events that follow, they are simply overlooked as cognitive acts (metaphysical notions) instead of mechanical acts and thus become hidden variables.

International Journal of Fundamental Physical Sciences

Application of the Tempt Destiny findings published in a peer-reviewed fundamental physics journal:

Assumed Higgs Boson Discovery Proved Einstein Right


From 2000 to 2012, football fans were invited to vote online 24/7 throughout the entire year for their team to appear on the next Tempt Destiny (TD) billboard. The two previous billboards were in support of SB XXI, and SB XXV championship victories, a two-for-two record that served as the benchmark for this experiment. (Note, the artwork presented on the billboards was left unfinished so that if the team completed their season by winning the SB, the artwork could then be completed by painting the football silver to reflect the trophy won.)

Here's the catch: The team with the most votes would also need to go to the SB in order for the selection to be complete since the sole purpose of the artwork/billboard is in support of a SB victory. This pairing of a single selection with a single potential would then give us a direct selection event. In the experiment, a direct selection had been obtained each year. However, only once out of twelve annual attempts did the selection made pair with its potential (1), versus no selection pairing (0):

[000000010000] - Direct Selection Events

What this means is that the act of selection does not preexist because it is a part of a dichotomy which necessitates the simultaneous existence of its potential for the effect of a selection to come into existence.

In the last three years of the experiment, I added the option if the direct selection event did not occur then an indirect selection (pairing a selection with more-than-one potential) would be made if one of the two SB bound teams had more votes than the other. We had 3 out of 3 indirect pairing events. After reviewing the results of each annual experiment, if we had conducted only indirect selection events for the entire 12 year span we would have had 12 out of 12 indirect selections which would also include the direct selection event:

[111111111111] - Indirect Selection Events

Now lets factor in their effects. The effectual state of a selection of only one potential is certain/deterministic for there is only one potential selected (single slit). We had 3 out of 3 direct selections (2 prior to the experiment, SB XXI and SB XXXV) all with "identical" results. The effectual state of a selection of more than one potential is uncertain/nondeterministic for there are more than one potential selected (double slit). We had 3 indirect selections with "different" results (SB XLIV, SB XLV, SB XLVI). During the 12 year span we had 4 selection "pairing" events, 1 direct and 3 indirect:

[1011] - Observed Effects of the Selections made (not in order)

Without knowledge of cause, can you correctly guess which effect (1) was caused by the mutually exclusive direct selection? And even if you think you could guess correctly, how would you know since the effects from a direct selection or from an indirect selection will appear to be the same, e.g., [111111111111]?

Knowledge of statistical ensemble/data without knowledge of cause can only provide incomplete knowledge of reality for there are two mutually exclusive and jointly exhaustive first cause variables in Nature. The second cause logic of placing cause second to effects (effect causing effect) gives us a false sense of first cause (cause and effect). As it stands, empirical evidence based on the second cause logic of effectual causality or reasoning/beliefs based on effectual causality are indistinguishable in regards to validity for both are based on conjecture. In science, evidence based on an assumption is a speculation, not a discovery.


The Science

First Cause and the Theory of EverythingEnergy equals gravity squared

The Theory of Everything is a theory that fully explains and links together all known physical phenomena, and predicts the outcome of any experiment that could be carried out in principle. Since there has never been or ever will be an experiment conducted without a selection first being made, we can predict the outcome (determined or undetermined states) of any experiment that could be carried out in principle with absolute precision. When we apply this newfound knowledge of energy consisting of two mutually exclusive causal functions as exhibited in the "Spin States of Selection" article, we can then unify the states of spin, once thought to be exclusive to quantum mechanics, with the mechanical functions of direct and indirect selection in their proper order. In doing so, we find that the pairing characteristics of the two causal acts of selection correspond with the pairing characteristics (attraction) of gravity which in turn causes the effects of the strong, weak, and electromagnetic forces. Thus, direct selection gives us the strong electromagnetic gravitational force and indirect selection gives us the weak electromagnetic gravitational force, which reconciles gravity with the laws of quantum physics to produce a complete and self-consistent theory of quantum gravity, i.e., the theory of everything, as one super-deterministic force — E = G2.

As theoretical physicists John S. Bell once predicted, "The only alternative to quantum probabilities, superpositions of states, collapse of the wave function, and spooky action at a distance, is that everything is superdetermined. For me it is a dilemma. I think it is a deep dilemma, and the resolution of it will not be trivial; it will require a substantial change in the way we look at things."

Perhaps it is time we look at things via First Cause - cause and effect, instead of Second Cause - effects causing effects in order to better understand our existence. With knowledge of what is first cause, the things that we thought we knew and the theories and ideologies based on second cause are now questionable. Obviously, I can only briefly touch upon the implications of the discovery of Einstein's hidden variables here for this topic would require a book(s) to try to attempt to encompass the ramifications of this knowledge. In the meantime, thank you for allowing me to share this discovery with you.

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© 2015 Manuel Morales

See: Tempt Destiny Timeline


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