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International Journal of Fundamental Physical Sciences

Application of the Tempt Destiny findings published in a peer-reviewed fundamental physics journal:

Assumed Higgs Boson Discovery Proved Einstein Right



Tempt Destiny Initial Findings Presentation

Smithsonian/NASA Astrophysics Data System

How Art, Football Fans, And The Big Game Revealed That The Scientific Method Is Fundamentally Flawed


FACT: It is self-evident that there has never been or ever will be an experiment conducted without a selection first being made.

So what do football fans choosing to have their team featured on a billboard have to do with the scientific method, first cause, and the Theory of Everything? See NEWS RELEASE

Since our existence is governed by the laws of nature, we cannot act in violation of our own physical existence. It was with this mindset that I devised an art experiment based on the premise that the acts of selection (cause) predetermines existence (effect). What sets the Tempt Destiny experimental method apart from the current scientific method of placing cause second to effect, i.e., effect causing effect - second cause logic, is that the Tempt Destiny experiment establishes the existence or nonexistence of cause first in order to establish effect. By using cause and effect in its proper order, the unambiguous empirical evidence has shown that the second cause logic used in scientific methodology is fundamentally flawed.

Without Knowledge Of First Cause Can Science "Correctly" Predict Effect?

general science journalThe unambiguous empirical evidence obtained in the 12 year Tempt Destiny experiment has revealed that there is a fundamental problem with the scientific method of using statistical ensemble as empirical evidence to substantiate scientific theories. As revealed in the "Assumed Higgs Boson Discovery Proved Einstein Right" article, in order for 'any' experiment to be conducted a selection must 'first' be made. This fact is unequivocal for there has never been or ever will be an experiment conducted without a selection 'first' being made. Yet, as obvious as to the importance of the first cause acts of selection are to the existence of the events that follow, they are simply overlooked as cognitive acts (philosophical notions) instead of mechanical acts and thus become hidden variables.

From 2000 to 2012, football fans were invited to vote online 24/7 throughout the entire year for their team to appear on the next Tempt Destiny (TD) billboard. The two previous billboards were in support of SB XXI, and SB XXV championship victories, a two-for-two record that served as the benchmark for this experiment. (Note, the artwork presented on the billboards was left unfinished so that if the team completed their season by winning the SB, the artwork could then be completed by painting the football silver to reflect the trophy won.)

Here's the catch: The team with the most votes would also need to go to the SB in order for the selection to be complete since the sole purpose of the artwork/billboard is in support of a SB victory. This pairing of a single selection with a single potential would then give us a direct selection event. In the experiment, a direct selection had been obtained each year. However, only once out of twelve annual attempts did the selection made pair with its potential (1), versus no selection pairing (0):

[000000010000] - Direct Selection Events

In the last three years of the experiment, I added the option if the direct selection event did not occur then an indirect selection (pairing a selection with more-than-one potential) would be made if one of the two SB bound teams had more votes than the other. We had 3 out of 3 indirect pairing events. After reviewing the results of each annual experiment, if we had conducted only indirect selection events for the entire 12 year span we would have had 12 out of 12 indirect selections which would also include the direct selection event:

[111111111111] - Indirect Selection Events

Now lets factor in their effects. The effectual state of a selection of only one potential is certain/deterministic for there is only one potential selected (single slit). We had 3 out of 3 direct selections (2 prior to the experiment, SB XXI and SB XXXV) all with "identical" results. The effectual state of a selection of more than one potential is uncertain/nondeterministic for there are more than one potential selected (double slit). We had 3 indirect selections with "different" results (SB XLIV, SB XLV, SB XLVI). During the 12 year span we had 4 selection "pairing" events, 1 direct and 3 indirect:

[1011] - Effects of the Selections made (not in order)

Without knowledge of cause, can you correctly guess which effect (1) was caused by the mutually exclusive direct selection? And even if you think you could guess correctly, how would you know since the effects from a direct selection or from an indirect selection will appear to be the same, e.g., [111111111111]? Knowledge of statistical ensemble/data without knowledge of cause can only provide incomplete knowledge of the world for there are TWO mutually exclusive and jointly exhaustive first cause variables in nature. In science, evidence based on an assumption is a speculation, not a discovery. The second cause paradigm of effectual causality places cause second to effects (effect causing effect) which gives us a false sense of first cause (cause and effect). As it stands, empirical evidence based on the second cause paradigm of effectual causality or reasoning/beliefs based on effectual causality are indistinguishable in regards to validity for both are based on conjecture.


Eventually as the general public gets wind of this precarious situation, science will have a serious integrity issue to contend with if it continues on with business as usual without correcting itself when a new discovery has been made that supersedes previous knowledge. For the record, the initial findings were presented at the American Physical Society (APS) convention on April 30th, 2011. During the presentation, the audience conducted the coin-in-cup experiment in order to confirm the findings for themselves. As of April, 2014, nothing has changed while billions of tax payer's dollars (see page 55, "How Much Does the LHC Cost?") are continued to be spent on scientific research that cannot verify if their "evidence" is correct due to lack of knowledge of first cause.

Additional Info:

Assumed Higgs Boson Discovery article

High Energy Physics Funding Profile by Subprogram and Activity:

$770,533,000 - 2012 High Energy Physics US Budget
$776,521,000 - 2013 High Energy Physics US Budget
$782,509,000 - 2014 High Energy Physics US Budget

U.S. LHC Program - This will be one of the major U.S. HEP/EPP programs for 15–20 years!

The United States and the LHC

The US and the LHC Accelerator


The Science

In science, for a hypothetical theory to be valid it must be able to predict outcome (1). If the hypothetical predictions are confirmed, it must then be repeatable by others (2). If repeatable by others, it must also be able to be falsifiable/contestable (3). The unambiguous empirical evidence obtained by the Tempt Destiny experiment meets such rigorous criteria plus supercedes current statistical scientific standards by being absolute of all manner of selection and absence thereof (4):

  1. Unequivocal empirical evidence of two first cause variables (Tempt Destiny experiment)
  2. The experiment is repeatable, e.g., coin-in-cup experiment ( see Science page).
  3. The findings can be contested (Final Selection experiment, see pg. 9).
  4. The 'effects' of first cause are predictable in that first cause predetermines both deterministic and non-deterministic states of physical reality, i.e., everything.

Evidence of Absolute Determinism: The unambiguous empirical evidence shows that there are two causal variables in nature which determine if an effectual state (existence) is deterministic/certain or non-deterministic/uncertain which means that both states are determined in order to exist as such. The findings show that absolute determinism is not about effectual states being certain or uncertain. It is about how cause is predetermined.International Journal of Fundamental Physical Sciences

See: Tempt Destiny Timeline

It appears that we have been putting the cart before the horse when it comes down to how we perceive reality. When we apply this newfound knowledge of what is causal and what is not to the art of particle physics, we find a fundamental omission error has taken place regarding the recent Higgs boson (a.k.a. God particle) discovery. See NEWS RELEASE

As the evidence has shown, the two mutually exclusive acts of selection determine the certain or uncertain states of existence, and the potential of a selection gives us the existence of the selection and of its state. Since both causal dichotomies are collectively exhaustive, they give us a complete description of physical reality. The assumption that selection is some sort of option, a freedom of will, is unsubstantiated by the fact that this machine we call choice is how energy works, which is a fundamental necessity, not a metaphysical option, of our physical existence. In other words, ‘when’ a selection exists, energy exists, for they are one in the same.

First Cause and the Theory of EverythingEnergy equals gravity squared

The Theory of Everything is a theory that fully explains and links together all known physical phenomena, and predicts the outcome of any experiment that could be carried out in principle. Since there has never been or ever will be an experiment conducted without a selection first being made, we can predict the outcome (determined or undetermined states) of any experiment that could be carried out in principle with absolute precision. When we apply this newfound knowledge of energy consisting of two mutually exclusive causal functions as exhibited in the "Spin States of Selection" article, we can then unify the states of spin, once thought to be exclusive to quantum mechanics, with the mechanical functions of direct and indirect selection. In doing so, we find that the pairing characteristics of the two causal acts of selection correspond with the pairing characteristics of gravity which in turn causes the effects of the strong, weak, and electromagnetic forces. Thus, direct selection gives us the strong electromagnetic gravitational force and indirect selection gives us the weak electromagnetic gravitational force, which reconciles gravity with the laws of quantum physics to produce a complete and self-consistent theory of quantum gravity, i.e., the theory of everything, as one super-deterministic force — E = G2.

As theoretical physicists John S. Bell once predicted, "The only alternative to quantum probabilities, superpositions of states, collapse of the wave function, and spooky action at a distance, is that everything is superdetermined. For me it is a dilemma. I think it is a deep dilemma, and the resolution of it will not be trivial; it will require a substantial change in the way we look at things."

Perhaps it is time we look at things via cause and effect instead of effects causing effects in order to better understand our existence. With knowledge of what is first cause, the things that we thought we knew and the theories and ideologies based on second cause are now questionable. Obviously, I can only briefly touch upon the implications of this discovery here for this topic would require a book(s) to try to attempt to encompass the ramifications of this knowledge. In the meantime, thank you for allowing me to share this discovery with you.

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© 2014 Manuel Morales

See: Tempt Destiny Timeline

News 12 video aired on February 2, 2008:

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